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authorCristian Dumitrescu <cristian.dumitrescu@intel.com>2014-06-04 19:08:35 +0100
committerThomas Monjalon <thomas.monjalon@6wind.com>2014-06-17 03:34:11 +0200
commitb3688bee81a88ffcd569c598444b20dc3111adb3 (patch)
tree3754e21eb536c6707f5fca71ee651dc2c9174553 /lib/librte_pipeline/rte_pipeline.h
parent8c2826cc2f9ad14ec8ecbe5389b455ca8793cf1c (diff)
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pipeline: new packet framework logic
The Packet Framework pipeline library provides a standard methodology (logically similar to OpenFlow) for rapid development of complex packet processing pipelines out of ports, tables and actions. A pipeline is constructed by connecting its input ports to its output ports through a chain of lookup tables. As result of lookup operation into the current table, one of the table entries (or the default table entry, in case of lookup miss) is identified to provide the actions to be executed on the current packet and the associated action meta-data. The behavior of user actions is defined through the configurable table action handler, while the reserved actions define the next hop for the current packet (either another table, an output port or packet drop) and are handled transparently by the framework. Signed-off-by: Cristian Dumitrescu <cristian.dumitrescu@intel.com> Acked-by: Pablo de Lara Guarch <pablo.de.lara.guarch@intel.com> Acked by: Ivan Boule <ivan.boule@6wind.com>
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+/*-
+ * BSD LICENSE
+ *
+ * Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
+ * All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+ * are met:
+ *
+ * * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ * * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
+ * the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+ * distribution.
+ * * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
+ * contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
+ * from this software without specific prior written permission.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+ * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+ * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+ * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+ * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+ * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+ * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+ * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+ * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __INCLUDE_RTE_PIPELINE_H__
+#define __INCLUDE_RTE_PIPELINE_H__
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+extern "C" {
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * @file
+ * RTE Pipeline
+ *
+ * This tool is part of the Intel DPDK Packet Framework tool suite and provides
+ * a standard methodology (logically similar to OpenFlow) for rapid development
+ * of complex packet processing pipelines out of ports, tables and actions.
+ *
+ * <B>Basic operation.</B> A pipeline is constructed by connecting its input
+ * ports to its output ports through a chain of lookup tables. As result of
+ * lookup operation into the current table, one of the table entries (or the
+ * default table entry, in case of lookup miss) is identified to provide the
+ * actions to be executed on the current packet and the associated action
+ * meta-data. The behavior of user actions is defined through the configurable
+ * table action handler, while the reserved actions define the next hop for the
+ * current packet (either another table, an output port or packet drop) and are
+ * handled transparently by the framework.
+ *
+ * <B>Initialization and run-time flows.</B> Once all the pipeline elements
+ * (input ports, tables, output ports) have been created, input ports connected
+ * to tables, table action handlers configured, tables populated with the
+ * initial set of entries (actions and action meta-data) and input ports
+ * enabled, the pipeline runs automatically, pushing packets from input ports
+ * to tables and output ports. At each table, the identified user actions are
+ * being executed, resulting in action meta-data (stored in the table entry)
+ * and packet meta-data (stored with the packet descriptor) being updated. The
+ * pipeline tables can have further updates and input ports can be disabled or
+ * enabled later on as required.
+ *
+ * <B>Multi-core scaling.</B> Typically, each CPU core will run its own
+ * pipeline instance. Complex application-level pipelines can be implemented by
+ * interconnecting multiple CPU core-level pipelines in tree-like topologies,
+ * as the same port devices (e.g. SW rings) can serve as output ports for the
+ * pipeline running on CPU core A, as well as input ports for the pipeline
+ * running on CPU core B. This approach enables the application development
+ * using the pipeline (CPU cores connected serially), cluster/run-to-completion
+ * (CPU cores connected in parallel) or mixed (pipeline of CPU core clusters)
+ * programming models.
+ *
+ * <B>Thread safety.</B> It is possible to have multiple pipelines running on
+ * the same CPU core, but it is not allowed (for thread safety reasons) to have
+ * multiple CPU cores running the same pipeline instance.
+ *
+ ***/
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+
+#include <rte_mbuf.h>
+#include <rte_port.h>
+#include <rte_table.h>
+
+/*
+ * Pipeline
+ *
+ */
+/** Opaque data type for pipeline */
+struct rte_pipeline;
+
+/** Parameters for pipeline creation */
+struct rte_pipeline_params {
+ /** Pipeline name */
+ const char *name;
+
+ /** CPU socket ID where memory for the pipeline and its elements (ports
+ and tables) should be allocated */
+ int socket_id;
+
+ /** Offset within packet meta-data to port_id to be used by action
+ "Send packet to output port read from packet meta-data". Has to be
+ 4-byte aligned. */
+ uint32_t offset_port_id;
+};
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline create
+ *
+ * @param params
+ * Parameters for pipeline creation
+ * @return
+ * Handle to pipeline instance on success or NULL otherwise
+ */
+struct rte_pipeline *rte_pipeline_create(struct rte_pipeline_params *params);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline free
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_free(struct rte_pipeline *p);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline consistency check
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_check(struct rte_pipeline *p);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline run
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_run(struct rte_pipeline *p);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline flush
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_flush(struct rte_pipeline *p);
+
+/*
+ * Actions
+ *
+ */
+/** Reserved actions */
+enum rte_pipeline_action {
+ /** Drop the packet */
+ RTE_PIPELINE_ACTION_DROP = 0,
+
+ /** Send packet to output port */
+ RTE_PIPELINE_ACTION_PORT,
+
+ /** Send packet to output port read from packet meta-data */
+ RTE_PIPELINE_ACTION_PORT_META,
+
+ /** Send packet to table */
+ RTE_PIPELINE_ACTION_TABLE,
+
+ /** Number of reserved actions */
+ RTE_PIPELINE_ACTIONS
+};
+
+/*
+ * Table
+ *
+ */
+/** Maximum number of tables allowed for any given pipeline instance. The
+ value of this parameter cannot be changed. */
+#define RTE_PIPELINE_TABLE_MAX 64
+
+/**
+ * Head format for the table entry of any pipeline table. For any given
+ * pipeline table, all table entries should have the same size and format. For
+ * any given pipeline table, the table entry has to start with a head of this
+ * structure, which contains the reserved actions and their associated
+ * meta-data, and then optionally continues with user actions and their
+ * associated meta-data. As all the currently defined reserved actions are
+ * mutually exclusive, only one reserved action can be set per table entry.
+ */
+struct rte_pipeline_table_entry {
+ /** Reserved action */
+ enum rte_pipeline_action action;
+
+ union {
+ /** Output port ID (meta-data for "Send packet to output port"
+ action) */
+ uint32_t port_id;
+ /** Table ID (meta-data for "Send packet to table" action) */
+ uint32_t table_id;
+ };
+ /** Start of table entry area for user defined actions and meta-data */
+ uint8_t action_data[0];
+};
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline table action handler on lookup hit
+ *
+ * The action handler can decide to drop packets by resetting the associated
+ * packet bit in the pkts_mask parameter. In this case, the action handler is
+ * required not to free the packet buffer, which will be freed eventually by
+ * the pipeline.
+ *
+ * @param pkts
+ * Burst of input packets specified as array of up to 64 pointers to struct
+ * rte_mbuf
+ * @param pkts_mask
+ * 64-bit bitmask specifying which packets in the input burst are valid. When
+ * pkts_mask bit n is set, then element n of pkts array is pointing to a
+ * valid packet and element n of entries array is pointing to a valid table
+ * entry associated with the packet, with the association typically done by
+ * the table lookup operation. Otherwise, element n of pkts array and element
+ * n of entries array will not be accessed.
+ * @param entries
+ * Set of table entries specified as array of up to 64 pointers to struct
+ * rte_pipeline_table_entry
+ * @param arg
+ * Opaque parameter registered by the user at the pipeline table creation
+ * time
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+typedef int (*rte_pipeline_table_action_handler_hit)(
+ struct rte_mbuf **pkts,
+ uint64_t *pkts_mask,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_entry **entries,
+ void *arg);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline table action handler on lookup miss
+ *
+ * The action handler can decide to drop packets by resetting the associated
+ * packet bit in the pkts_mask parameter. In this case, the action handler is
+ * required not to free the packet buffer, which will be freed eventually by
+ * the pipeline.
+ *
+ * @param pkts
+ * Burst of input packets specified as array of up to 64 pointers to struct
+ * rte_mbuf
+ * @param pkts_mask
+ * 64-bit bitmask specifying which packets in the input burst are valid. When
+ * pkts_mask bit n is set, then element n of pkts array is pointing to a
+ * valid packet. Otherwise, element n of pkts array will not be accessed.
+ * @param entry
+ * Single table entry associated with all the valid packets from the input
+ * burst, specified as pointer to struct rte_pipeline_table_entry.
+ * This entry is the pipeline table default entry that is associated by the
+ * table lookup operation with the input packets that have resulted in lookup
+ * miss.
+ * @param arg
+ * Opaque parameter registered by the user at the pipeline table creation
+ * time
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+typedef int (*rte_pipeline_table_action_handler_miss)(
+ struct rte_mbuf **pkts,
+ uint64_t *pkts_mask,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_entry *entry,
+ void *arg);
+
+/** Parameters for pipeline table creation. Action handlers have to be either
+ both enabled or both disabled (they can be disabled by setting them to
+ NULL). */
+struct rte_pipeline_table_params {
+ /** Table operations (specific to each table type) */
+ struct rte_table_ops *ops;
+ /** Opaque param to be passed to the table create operation when
+ invoked */
+ void *arg_create;
+ /** Callback function to execute the user actions on input packets in
+ case of lookup hit */
+ rte_pipeline_table_action_handler_hit f_action_hit;
+ /** Callback function to execute the user actions on input packets in
+ case of lookup miss */
+ rte_pipeline_table_action_handler_miss f_action_miss;
+
+ /** Opaque parameter to be passed to lookup hit and/or lookup miss
+ action handlers when invoked */
+ void *arg_ah;
+ /** Memory size to be reserved per table entry for storing the user
+ actions and their meta-data */
+ uint32_t action_data_size;
+};
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline table create
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param params
+ * Parameters for pipeline table creation
+ * @param table_id
+ * Table ID. Valid only within the scope of table IDs of the current
+ * pipeline. Only returned after a successful invocation.
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_table_create(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_params *params,
+ uint32_t *table_id);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline table default entry add
+ *
+ * The contents of the table default entry is updated with the provided actions
+ * and meta-data. When the default entry is not configured (by using this
+ * function), the built-in default entry has the action "Drop" and meta-data
+ * set to all-zeros.
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param table_id
+ * Table ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline table create)
+ * @param default_entry
+ * New contents for the table default entry
+ * @param default_entry_ptr
+ * On successful invocation, pointer to the default table entry which can be
+ * used for further read-write accesses to this table entry. This pointer
+ * is valid until the default entry is deleted or re-added.
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_table_default_entry_add(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ uint32_t table_id,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_entry *default_entry,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_entry **default_entry_ptr);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline table default entry delete
+ *
+ * The new contents of the table default entry is set to reserved action "Drop
+ * the packet" with meta-data cleared (i.e. set to all-zeros).
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param table_id
+ * Table ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline table create)
+ * @param entry
+ * On successful invocation, when entry points to a valid buffer, the
+ * previous contents of the table default entry (as it was just before the
+ * delete operation) is copied to this buffer
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_table_default_entry_delete(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ uint32_t table_id,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_entry *entry);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline table entry add
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param table_id
+ * Table ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline table create)
+ * @param key
+ * Table entry key
+ * @param entry
+ * New contents for the table entry identified by key
+ * @param key_found
+ * On successful invocation, set to TRUE (value different than 0) if key was
+ * already present in the table before the add operation and to FALSE (value
+ * 0) if not
+ * @param entry_ptr
+ * On successful invocation, pointer to the table entry associated with key.
+ * This can be used for further read-write accesses to this table entry and
+ * is valid until the key is deleted from the table or re-added (usually for
+ * associating different actions and/or action meta-data to the current key)
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_table_entry_add(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ uint32_t table_id,
+ void *key,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_entry *entry,
+ int *key_found,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_entry **entry_ptr);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline table entry delete
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param table_id
+ * Table ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline table create)
+ * @param key
+ * Table entry key
+ * @param key_found
+ * On successful invocation, set to TRUE (value different than 0) if key was
+ * found in the table before the delete operation and to FALSE (value 0) if
+ * not
+ * @param entry
+ * On successful invocation, when key is found in the table and entry points
+ * to a valid buffer, the table entry contents (as it was before the delete
+ * was performed) is copied to this buffer
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_table_entry_delete(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ uint32_t table_id,
+ void *key,
+ int *key_found,
+ struct rte_pipeline_table_entry *entry);
+
+/*
+ * Port IN
+ *
+ */
+/** Maximum number of input ports allowed for any given pipeline instance. The
+ value of this parameter cannot be changed. */
+#define RTE_PIPELINE_PORT_IN_MAX 64
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline input port action handler
+ *
+ * The action handler can decide to drop packets by resetting the associated
+ * packet bit in the pkts_mask parameter. In this case, the action handler is
+ * required not to free the packet buffer, which will be freed eventually by
+ * the pipeline.
+ *
+ * @param pkts
+ * Burst of input packets specified as array of up to 64 pointers to struct
+ * rte_mbuf
+ * @param n
+ * Number of packets in the input burst. This parameter specifies that
+ * elements 0 to (n-1) of pkts array are valid.
+ * @param pkts_mask
+ * 64-bit bitmask specifying which packets in the input burst are still valid
+ * after the action handler is executed. When pkts_mask bit n is set, then
+ * element n of pkts array is pointing to a valid packet.
+ * @param arg
+ * Opaque parameter registered by the user at the pipeline table creation
+ * time
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+typedef int (*rte_pipeline_port_in_action_handler)(
+ struct rte_mbuf **pkts,
+ uint32_t n,
+ uint64_t *pkts_mask,
+ void *arg);
+
+/** Parameters for pipeline input port creation */
+struct rte_pipeline_port_in_params {
+ /** Input port operations (specific to each table type) */
+ struct rte_port_in_ops *ops;
+ /** Opaque parameter to be passed to create operation when invoked */
+ void *arg_create;
+
+ /** Callback function to execute the user actions on input packets.
+ Disabled if set to NULL. */
+ rte_pipeline_port_in_action_handler f_action;
+ /** Opaque parameter to be passed to the action handler when invoked */
+ void *arg_ah;
+
+ /** Recommended burst size for the RX operation(in number of pkts) */
+ uint32_t burst_size;
+};
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline input port create
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param params
+ * Parameters for pipeline input port creation
+ * @param port_id
+ * Input port ID. Valid only within the scope of input port IDs of the
+ * current pipeline. Only returned after a successful invocation.
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_port_in_create(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ struct rte_pipeline_port_in_params *params,
+ uint32_t *port_id);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline input port connect to table
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param port_id
+ * Port ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline input port create)
+ * @param table_id
+ * Table ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline table create)
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_port_in_connect_to_table(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ uint32_t port_id,
+ uint32_t table_id);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline input port enable
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param port_id
+ * Port ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline input port create)
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_port_in_enable(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ uint32_t port_id);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline input port disable
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param port_id
+ * Port ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline input port create)
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_port_in_disable(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ uint32_t port_id);
+
+/*
+ * Port OUT
+ *
+ */
+/** Maximum number of output ports allowed for any given pipeline instance. The
+ value of this parameter cannot be changed. */
+#define RTE_PIPELINE_PORT_OUT_MAX 64
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline output port action handler for single packet
+ *
+ * The action handler can decide to drop packets by resetting the pkt_mask
+ * argument. In this case, the action handler is required not to free the
+ * packet buffer, which will be freed eventually by the pipeline.
+ *
+ * @param pkt
+ * Input packet
+ * @param pkt_mask
+ * Output argument set to 0 when the action handler decides to drop the input
+ * packet and to 1LLU otherwise
+ * @param arg
+ * Opaque parameter registered by the user at the pipeline table creation
+ * time
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+typedef int (*rte_pipeline_port_out_action_handler)(
+ struct rte_mbuf *pkt,
+ uint64_t *pkt_mask,
+ void *arg);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline output port action handler bulk
+ *
+ * The action handler can decide to drop packets by resetting the associated
+ * packet bit in the pkts_mask parameter. In this case, the action handler is
+ * required not to free the packet buffer, which will be freed eventually by
+ * the pipeline.
+ *
+ * @param pkts
+ * Burst of input packets specified as array of up to 64 pointers to struct
+ * rte_mbuf
+ * @param pkts_mask
+ * 64-bit bitmask specifying which packets in the input burst are valid. When
+ * pkts_mask bit n is set, then element n of pkts array is pointing to a
+ * valid packet. Otherwise, element n of pkts array will not be accessed.
+ * @param arg
+ * Opaque parameter registered by the user at the pipeline table creation
+ * time
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+typedef int (*rte_pipeline_port_out_action_handler_bulk)(
+ struct rte_mbuf **pkts,
+ uint64_t *pkts_mask,
+ void *arg);
+
+/** Parameters for pipeline output port creation. The action handlers have to
+be either both enabled or both disabled (by setting them to NULL). When
+enabled, the pipeline selects between them at different moments, based on the
+number of packets that have to be sent to the same output port. */
+struct rte_pipeline_port_out_params {
+ /** Output port operations (specific to each table type) */
+ struct rte_port_out_ops *ops;
+ /** Opaque parameter to be passed to create operation when invoked */
+ void *arg_create;
+
+ /** Callback function executing the user actions on single input
+ packet */
+ rte_pipeline_port_out_action_handler f_action;
+ /** Callback function executing the user actions on bust of input
+ packets */
+ rte_pipeline_port_out_action_handler_bulk f_action_bulk;
+ /** Opaque parameter to be passed to the action handler when invoked */
+ void *arg_ah;
+};
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline output port create
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param params
+ * Parameters for pipeline output port creation
+ * @param port_id
+ * Output port ID. Valid only within the scope of output port IDs of the
+ * current pipeline. Only returned after a successful invocation.
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_port_out_create(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ struct rte_pipeline_port_out_params *params,
+ uint32_t *port_id);
+
+/**
+ * Pipeline output port packet insert
+ *
+ * This function is called by the table action handler whenever it generates a
+ * new packet to be sent out though one of the pipeline output ports. This
+ * packet is not part of the burst of input packets read from any of the
+ * pipeline input ports, so it is not an element of the pkts array input
+ * parameter of the table action handler. This packet can be dropped by the
+ * output port action handler.
+ *
+ * @param p
+ * Handle to pipeline instance
+ * @param port_id
+ * Output port ID (returned by previous invocation of pipeline output port
+ * create) to send the packet specified by pkt
+ * @param pkt
+ * New packet generated by the table action handler
+ * @return
+ * 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ */
+int rte_pipeline_port_out_packet_insert(struct rte_pipeline *p,
+ uint32_t port_id,
+ struct rte_mbuf *pkt);
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+}
+#endif
+
+#endif