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authorRay Kinsella <mdr@ashroe.eu>2019-11-11 11:57:56 +0000
committerThomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>2019-11-12 09:03:15 +0100
commitced6b2d19a549ca0d4c90025224f97e4540f133d (patch)
tree5ae0f4c4fbf3714160d801a187efbeeedab784b8
parent0f2f911deb0cc3c1204b127ac21683390f068ed8 (diff)
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doc: separate versioning guide into version and policy
Separate versioning.rst into abi versioning and abi policy guidance, in preparation for adding more detail to the abi policy. Add an entry to the maintainer file for the abi policy. Signed-off-by: Ray Kinsella <mdr@ashroe.eu> Acked-by: John McNamara <john.mcnamara@intel.com> Acked-by: Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org>
-rw-r--r--MAINTAINERS4
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/contributing/abi_policy.rst167
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/contributing/abi_versioning.rst (renamed from doc/guides/contributing/versioning.rst)166
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/contributing/index.rst3
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/contributing/patches.rst2
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/rel_notes/deprecation.rst2
6 files changed, 176 insertions, 168 deletions
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index ab83986..f2fdb93 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -84,6 +84,10 @@ M: Marko Kovacevic <marko.kovacevic@intel.com>
F: README
F: doc/
+ABI Policy
+M: Ray Kinsella <mdr@ashroe.eu>
+F: doc/guides/contributing/abi_*.rst
+
Developers and Maintainers Tools
M: Thomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>
F: MAINTAINERS
diff --git a/doc/guides/contributing/abi_policy.rst b/doc/guides/contributing/abi_policy.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d4f4e9f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/guides/contributing/abi_policy.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,167 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
+ Copyright 2018 The DPDK contributors
+
+DPDK ABI/API policy
+===================
+
+Description
+-----------
+
+This document details some methods for handling ABI management in the DPDK.
+
+General Guidelines
+------------------
+
+#. Whenever possible, ABI should be preserved
+#. ABI/API may be changed with a deprecation process
+#. The modification of symbols can generally be managed with versioning
+#. Libraries or APIs marked in ``experimental`` state may change without constraint
+#. New APIs will be marked as ``experimental`` for at least one release to allow
+ any issues found by users of the new API to be fixed quickly
+#. The addition of symbols is generally not problematic
+#. The removal of symbols generally is an ABI break and requires bumping of the
+ LIBABIVER macro
+#. Updates to the minimum hardware requirements, which drop support for hardware which
+ was previously supported, should be treated as an ABI change.
+
+What is an ABI
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+An ABI (Application Binary Interface) is the set of runtime interfaces exposed
+by a library. It is similar to an API (Application Programming Interface) but
+is the result of compilation. It is also effectively cloned when applications
+link to dynamic libraries. That is to say when an application is compiled to
+link against dynamic libraries, it is assumed that the ABI remains constant
+between the time the application is compiled/linked, and the time that it runs.
+Therefore, in the case of dynamic linking, it is critical that an ABI is
+preserved, or (when modified), done in such a way that the application is unable
+to behave improperly or in an unexpected fashion.
+
+
+ABI/API Deprecation
+-------------------
+
+The DPDK ABI policy
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+ABI versions are set at the time of major release labeling, and the ABI may
+change multiple times, without warning, between the last release label and the
+HEAD label of the git tree.
+
+ABI versions, once released, are available until such time as their
+deprecation has been noted in the Release Notes for at least one major release
+cycle. For example consider the case where the ABI for DPDK 2.0 has been
+shipped and then a decision is made to modify it during the development of
+DPDK 2.1. The decision will be recorded in the Release Notes for the DPDK 2.1
+release and the modification will be made available in the DPDK 2.2 release.
+
+ABI versions may be deprecated in whole or in part as needed by a given
+update.
+
+Some ABI changes may be too significant to reasonably maintain multiple
+versions. In those cases ABI's may be updated without backward compatibility
+being provided. The requirements for doing so are:
+
+#. At least 3 acknowledgments of the need to do so must be made on the
+ dpdk.org mailing list.
+
+ - The acknowledgment of the maintainer of the component is mandatory, or if
+ no maintainer is available for the component, the tree/sub-tree maintainer
+ for that component must acknowledge the ABI change instead.
+
+ - It is also recommended that acknowledgments from different "areas of
+ interest" be sought for each deprecation, for example: from NIC vendors,
+ CPU vendors, end-users, etc.
+
+#. The changes (including an alternative map file) can be included with
+ deprecation notice, in wrapped way by the ``RTE_NEXT_ABI`` option,
+ to provide more details about oncoming changes.
+ ``RTE_NEXT_ABI`` wrapper will be removed when it become the default ABI.
+ More preferred way to provide this information is sending the feature
+ as a separate patch and reference it in deprecation notice.
+
+#. A full deprecation cycle, as explained above, must be made to offer
+ downstream consumers sufficient warning of the change.
+
+Note that the above process for ABI deprecation should not be undertaken
+lightly. ABI stability is extremely important for downstream consumers of the
+DPDK, especially when distributed in shared object form. Every effort should
+be made to preserve the ABI whenever possible. The ABI should only be changed
+for significant reasons, such as performance enhancements. ABI breakage due to
+changes such as reorganizing public structure fields for aesthetic or
+readability purposes should be avoided.
+
+.. note::
+
+ Updates to the minimum hardware requirements, which drop support for hardware
+ which was previously supported, should be treated as an ABI change, and
+ follow the relevant deprecation policy procedures as above: 3 acks and
+ announcement at least one release in advance.
+
+Examples of Deprecation Notices
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The following are some examples of ABI deprecation notices which would be
+added to the Release Notes:
+
+* The Macro ``#RTE_FOO`` is deprecated and will be removed with version 2.0,
+ to be replaced with the inline function ``rte_foo()``.
+
+* The function ``rte_mbuf_grok()`` has been updated to include a new parameter
+ in version 2.0. Backwards compatibility will be maintained for this function
+ until the release of version 2.1
+
+* The members of ``struct rte_foo`` have been reorganized in release 2.0 for
+ performance reasons. Existing binary applications will have backwards
+ compatibility in release 2.0, while newly built binaries will need to
+ reference the new structure variant ``struct rte_foo2``. Compatibility will
+ be removed in release 2.2, and all applications will require updating and
+ rebuilding to the new structure at that time, which will be renamed to the
+ original ``struct rte_foo``.
+
+* Significant ABI changes are planned for the ``librte_dostuff`` library. The
+ upcoming release 2.0 will not contain these changes, but release 2.1 will,
+ and no backwards compatibility is planned due to the extensive nature of
+ these changes. Binaries using this library built prior to version 2.1 will
+ require updating and recompilation.
+
+New API replacing previous one
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+If a new API proposed functionally replaces an existing one, when the new API
+becomes non-experimental then the old one is marked with ``__rte_deprecated``.
+Deprecated APIs are removed completely just after the next LTS.
+
+Reminder that old API should follow deprecation process to be removed.
+
+
+Experimental APIs
+-----------------
+
+APIs marked as ``experimental`` are not considered part of the ABI and may
+change without warning at any time. Since changes to APIs are most likely
+immediately after their introduction, as users begin to take advantage of
+those new APIs and start finding issues with them, new DPDK APIs will be
+automatically marked as ``experimental`` to allow for a period of stabilization
+before they become part of a tracked ABI.
+
+Note that marking an API as experimental is a multi step process.
+To mark an API as experimental, the symbols which are desired to be exported
+must be placed in an EXPERIMENTAL version block in the corresponding libraries'
+version map script.
+Secondly, the corresponding prototypes of those exported functions (in the
+development header files), must be marked with the ``__rte_experimental`` tag
+(see ``rte_compat.h``).
+The DPDK build makefiles perform a check to ensure that the map file and the
+C code reflect the same list of symbols.
+This check can be circumvented by defining ``ALLOW_EXPERIMENTAL_API``
+during compilation in the corresponding library Makefile.
+
+In addition to tagging the code with ``__rte_experimental``,
+the doxygen markup must also contain the EXPERIMENTAL string,
+and the MAINTAINERS file should note the EXPERIMENTAL libraries.
+
+For removing the experimental tag associated with an API, deprecation notice
+is not required. Though, an API should remain in experimental state for at least
+one release. Thereafter, normal process of posting patch for review to mailing
+list can be followed.
diff --git a/doc/guides/contributing/versioning.rst b/doc/guides/contributing/abi_versioning.rst
index fcd2d50..d278de4 100644
--- a/doc/guides/contributing/versioning.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/contributing/abi_versioning.rst
@@ -1,171 +1,7 @@
.. SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
Copyright 2018 The DPDK contributors
-DPDK ABI/API policy
-===================
-
-Description
------------
-
-This document details some methods for handling ABI management in the DPDK.
-
-General Guidelines
-------------------
-
-#. Whenever possible, ABI should be preserved
-#. ABI/API may be changed with a deprecation process
-#. The modification of symbols can generally be managed with versioning
-#. Libraries or APIs marked in ``experimental`` state may change without constraint
-#. New APIs will be marked as ``experimental`` for at least one release to allow
- any issues found by users of the new API to be fixed quickly
-#. The addition of symbols is generally not problematic
-#. The removal of symbols generally is an ABI break and requires bumping of the
- LIBABIVER macro
-#. Updates to the minimum hardware requirements, which drop support for hardware which
- was previously supported, should be treated as an ABI change.
-
-What is an ABI
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-An ABI (Application Binary Interface) is the set of runtime interfaces exposed
-by a library. It is similar to an API (Application Programming Interface) but
-is the result of compilation. It is also effectively cloned when applications
-link to dynamic libraries. That is to say when an application is compiled to
-link against dynamic libraries, it is assumed that the ABI remains constant
-between the time the application is compiled/linked, and the time that it runs.
-Therefore, in the case of dynamic linking, it is critical that an ABI is
-preserved, or (when modified), done in such a way that the application is unable
-to behave improperly or in an unexpected fashion.
-
-
-ABI/API Deprecation
--------------------
-
-The DPDK ABI policy
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-ABI versions are set at the time of major release labeling, and the ABI may
-change multiple times, without warning, between the last release label and the
-HEAD label of the git tree.
-
-ABI versions, once released, are available until such time as their
-deprecation has been noted in the Release Notes for at least one major release
-cycle. For example consider the case where the ABI for DPDK 2.0 has been
-shipped and then a decision is made to modify it during the development of
-DPDK 2.1. The decision will be recorded in the Release Notes for the DPDK 2.1
-release and the modification will be made available in the DPDK 2.2 release.
-
-ABI versions may be deprecated in whole or in part as needed by a given
-update.
-
-Some ABI changes may be too significant to reasonably maintain multiple
-versions. In those cases ABI's may be updated without backward compatibility
-being provided. The requirements for doing so are:
-
-#. At least 3 acknowledgments of the need to do so must be made on the
- dpdk.org mailing list.
-
- - The acknowledgment of the maintainer of the component is mandatory, or if
- no maintainer is available for the component, the tree/sub-tree maintainer
- for that component must acknowledge the ABI change instead.
-
- - It is also recommended that acknowledgments from different "areas of
- interest" be sought for each deprecation, for example: from NIC vendors,
- CPU vendors, end-users, etc.
-
-#. The changes (including an alternative map file) can be included with
- deprecation notice, in wrapped way by the ``RTE_NEXT_ABI`` option,
- to provide more details about oncoming changes.
- ``RTE_NEXT_ABI`` wrapper will be removed when it become the default ABI.
- More preferred way to provide this information is sending the feature
- as a separate patch and reference it in deprecation notice.
-
-#. A full deprecation cycle, as explained above, must be made to offer
- downstream consumers sufficient warning of the change.
-
-Note that the above process for ABI deprecation should not be undertaken
-lightly. ABI stability is extremely important for downstream consumers of the
-DPDK, especially when distributed in shared object form. Every effort should
-be made to preserve the ABI whenever possible. The ABI should only be changed
-for significant reasons, such as performance enhancements. ABI breakage due to
-changes such as reorganizing public structure fields for aesthetic or
-readability purposes should be avoided.
-
-.. note::
-
- Updates to the minimum hardware requirements, which drop support for hardware
- which was previously supported, should be treated as an ABI change, and
- follow the relevant deprecation policy procedures as above: 3 acks and
- announcement at least one release in advance.
-
-Examples of Deprecation Notices
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-The following are some examples of ABI deprecation notices which would be
-added to the Release Notes:
-
-* The Macro ``#RTE_FOO`` is deprecated and will be removed with version 2.0,
- to be replaced with the inline function ``rte_foo()``.
-
-* The function ``rte_mbuf_grok()`` has been updated to include a new parameter
- in version 2.0. Backwards compatibility will be maintained for this function
- until the release of version 2.1
-
-* The members of ``struct rte_foo`` have been reorganized in release 2.0 for
- performance reasons. Existing binary applications will have backwards
- compatibility in release 2.0, while newly built binaries will need to
- reference the new structure variant ``struct rte_foo2``. Compatibility will
- be removed in release 2.2, and all applications will require updating and
- rebuilding to the new structure at that time, which will be renamed to the
- original ``struct rte_foo``.
-
-* Significant ABI changes are planned for the ``librte_dostuff`` library. The
- upcoming release 2.0 will not contain these changes, but release 2.1 will,
- and no backwards compatibility is planned due to the extensive nature of
- these changes. Binaries using this library built prior to version 2.1 will
- require updating and recompilation.
-
-New API replacing previous one
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-If a new API proposed functionally replaces an existing one, when the new API
-becomes non-experimental then the old one is marked with ``__rte_deprecated``.
-Deprecated APIs are removed completely just after the next LTS.
-
-Reminder that old API should follow deprecation process to be removed.
-
-
-Experimental APIs
------------------
-
-APIs marked as ``experimental`` are not considered part of the ABI and may
-change without warning at any time. Since changes to APIs are most likely
-immediately after their introduction, as users begin to take advantage of
-those new APIs and start finding issues with them, new DPDK APIs will be
-automatically marked as ``experimental`` to allow for a period of stabilization
-before they become part of a tracked ABI.
-
-Note that marking an API as experimental is a multi step process.
-To mark an API as experimental, the symbols which are desired to be exported
-must be placed in an EXPERIMENTAL version block in the corresponding libraries'
-version map script.
-Secondly, the corresponding prototypes of those exported functions (in the
-development header files), must be marked with the ``__rte_experimental`` tag
-(see ``rte_compat.h``).
-The DPDK build makefiles perform a check to ensure that the map file and the
-C code reflect the same list of symbols.
-This check can be circumvented by defining ``ALLOW_EXPERIMENTAL_API``
-during compilation in the corresponding library Makefile.
-
-In addition to tagging the code with ``__rte_experimental``,
-the doxygen markup must also contain the EXPERIMENTAL string,
-and the MAINTAINERS file should note the EXPERIMENTAL libraries.
-
-For removing the experimental tag associated with an API, deprecation notice
-is not required. Though, an API should remain in experimental state for at least
-one release. Thereafter, normal process of posting patch for review to mailing
-list can be followed.
-
+.. library_versioning:
Library versioning
------------------
diff --git a/doc/guides/contributing/index.rst b/doc/guides/contributing/index.rst
index e2608d3..2fefd91 100644
--- a/doc/guides/contributing/index.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/contributing/index.rst
@@ -10,7 +10,8 @@ Contributor's Guidelines
coding_style
design
- versioning
+ abi_policy
+ abi_versioning
documentation
patches
vulnerability
diff --git a/doc/guides/contributing/patches.rst b/doc/guides/contributing/patches.rst
index 9e1013b..c9ec529 100644
--- a/doc/guides/contributing/patches.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/contributing/patches.rst
@@ -157,7 +157,7 @@ Make your planned changes in the cloned ``dpdk`` repo. Here are some guidelines
* For other PMDs and more info, refer to the ``MAINTAINERS`` file.
* New external functions should be added to the local ``version.map`` file.
- See the :doc:`Guidelines for ABI policy and versioning </contributing/versioning>`.
+ See the :doc:`Guidelines for ABI policy and versioning </contributing/abi_versioning>`.
New external functions should also be added in alphabetical order.
* Important changes will require an addition to the release notes in ``doc/guides/rel_notes/``.
diff --git a/doc/guides/rel_notes/deprecation.rst b/doc/guides/rel_notes/deprecation.rst
index dbfb059..86cfadc 100644
--- a/doc/guides/rel_notes/deprecation.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/rel_notes/deprecation.rst
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@
ABI and API Deprecation
=======================
-See the :doc:`guidelines document for details of the ABI policy </contributing/versioning>`.
+See the :doc:`guidelines document for details of the ABI policy </contributing/abi_versioning>`.
API and ABI deprecation notices are to be posted here.