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path: root/lib/librte_ring/rte_ring.h
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/*-
 *   BSD LICENSE
 *
 *   Copyright(c) 2010-2017 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *   All rights reserved.
 *
 *   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 *   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 *   are met:
 *
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *       the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *       distribution.
 *     * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
 *       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *       from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 *   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 *   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 *   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 *   OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 *   SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 *   DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 *   THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 *   (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 *   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/*
 * Derived from FreeBSD's bufring.h
 *
 **************************************************************************
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2007-2009 Kip Macy kmacy@freebsd.org
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. The name of Kip Macy nor the names of other
 *    contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
 *    this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
 * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/

#ifndef _RTE_RING_H_
#define _RTE_RING_H_

/**
 * @file
 * RTE Ring
 *
 * The Ring Manager is a fixed-size queue, implemented as a table of
 * pointers. Head and tail pointers are modified atomically, allowing
 * concurrent access to it. It has the following features:
 *
 * - FIFO (First In First Out)
 * - Maximum size is fixed; the pointers are stored in a table.
 * - Lockless implementation.
 * - Multi- or single-consumer dequeue.
 * - Multi- or single-producer enqueue.
 * - Bulk dequeue.
 * - Bulk enqueue.
 *
 * Note: the ring implementation is not preemptable. A lcore must not
 * be interrupted by another task that uses the same ring.
 *
 */

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <rte_common.h>
#include <rte_memory.h>
#include <rte_lcore.h>
#include <rte_atomic.h>
#include <rte_branch_prediction.h>
#include <rte_memzone.h>
#include <rte_pause.h>

#define RTE_TAILQ_RING_NAME "RTE_RING"

enum rte_ring_queue_behavior {
	RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED = 0, /* Enq/Deq a fixed number of items from a ring */
	RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE   /* Enq/Deq as many items as possible from ring */
};

#define RTE_RING_MZ_PREFIX "RG_"
/**< The maximum length of a ring name. */
#define RTE_RING_NAMESIZE (RTE_MEMZONE_NAMESIZE - \
			   sizeof(RTE_RING_MZ_PREFIX) + 1)

struct rte_memzone; /* forward declaration, so as not to require memzone.h */

#if RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE < 128
#define PROD_ALIGN (RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE * 2)
#define CONS_ALIGN (RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE * 2)
#else
#define PROD_ALIGN RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE
#define CONS_ALIGN RTE_CACHE_LINE_SIZE
#endif

/* structure to hold a pair of head/tail values and other metadata */
struct rte_ring_headtail {
	volatile uint32_t head;  /**< Prod/consumer head. */
	volatile uint32_t tail;  /**< Prod/consumer tail. */
	uint32_t single;         /**< True if single prod/cons */
};

/**
 * An RTE ring structure.
 *
 * The producer and the consumer have a head and a tail index. The particularity
 * of these index is that they are not between 0 and size(ring). These indexes
 * are between 0 and 2^32, and we mask their value when we access the ring[]
 * field. Thanks to this assumption, we can do subtractions between 2 index
 * values in a modulo-32bit base: that's why the overflow of the indexes is not
 * a problem.
 */
struct rte_ring {
	/*
	 * Note: this field kept the RTE_MEMZONE_NAMESIZE size due to ABI
	 * compatibility requirements, it could be changed to RTE_RING_NAMESIZE
	 * next time the ABI changes
	 */
	char name[RTE_MEMZONE_NAMESIZE] __rte_cache_aligned; /**< Name of the ring. */
	int flags;               /**< Flags supplied at creation. */
	const struct rte_memzone *memzone;
			/**< Memzone, if any, containing the rte_ring */
	uint32_t size;           /**< Size of ring. */
	uint32_t mask;           /**< Mask (size-1) of ring. */
	uint32_t capacity;       /**< Usable size of ring */

	/** Ring producer status. */
	struct rte_ring_headtail prod __rte_aligned(PROD_ALIGN);

	/** Ring consumer status. */
	struct rte_ring_headtail cons __rte_aligned(CONS_ALIGN);
};

#define RING_F_SP_ENQ 0x0001 /**< The default enqueue is "single-producer". */
#define RING_F_SC_DEQ 0x0002 /**< The default dequeue is "single-consumer". */
/**
 * Ring is to hold exactly requested number of entries.
 * Without this flag set, the ring size requested must be a power of 2, and the
 * usable space will be that size - 1. With the flag, the requested size will
 * be rounded up to the next power of two, but the usable space will be exactly
 * that requested. Worst case, if a power-of-2 size is requested, half the
 * ring space will be wasted.
 */
#define RING_F_EXACT_SZ 0x0004
#define RTE_RING_SZ_MASK  (0x7fffffffU) /**< Ring size mask */

/* @internal defines for passing to the enqueue dequeue worker functions */
#define __IS_SP 1
#define __IS_MP 0
#define __IS_SC 1
#define __IS_MC 0

/**
 * Calculate the memory size needed for a ring
 *
 * This function returns the number of bytes needed for a ring, given
 * the number of elements in it. This value is the sum of the size of
 * the structure rte_ring and the size of the memory needed by the
 * objects pointers. The value is aligned to a cache line size.
 *
 * @param count
 *   The number of elements in the ring (must be a power of 2).
 * @return
 *   - The memory size needed for the ring on success.
 *   - -EINVAL if count is not a power of 2.
 */
ssize_t rte_ring_get_memsize(unsigned count);

/**
 * Initialize a ring structure.
 *
 * Initialize a ring structure in memory pointed by "r". The size of the
 * memory area must be large enough to store the ring structure and the
 * object table. It is advised to use rte_ring_get_memsize() to get the
 * appropriate size.
 *
 * The ring size is set to *count*, which must be a power of two. Water
 * marking is disabled by default. The real usable ring size is
 * *count-1* instead of *count* to differentiate a free ring from an
 * empty ring.
 *
 * The ring is not added in RTE_TAILQ_RING global list. Indeed, the
 * memory given by the caller may not be shareable among dpdk
 * processes.
 *
 * @param r
 *   The pointer to the ring structure followed by the objects table.
 * @param name
 *   The name of the ring.
 * @param count
 *   The number of elements in the ring (must be a power of 2).
 * @param flags
 *   An OR of the following:
 *    - RING_F_SP_ENQ: If this flag is set, the default behavior when
 *      using ``rte_ring_enqueue()`` or ``rte_ring_enqueue_bulk()``
 *      is "single-producer". Otherwise, it is "multi-producers".
 *    - RING_F_SC_DEQ: If this flag is set, the default behavior when
 *      using ``rte_ring_dequeue()`` or ``rte_ring_dequeue_bulk()``
 *      is "single-consumer". Otherwise, it is "multi-consumers".
 * @return
 *   0 on success, or a negative value on error.
 */
int rte_ring_init(struct rte_ring *r, const char *name, unsigned count,
	unsigned flags);

/**
 * Create a new ring named *name* in memory.
 *
 * This function uses ``memzone_reserve()`` to allocate memory. Then it
 * calls rte_ring_init() to initialize an empty ring.
 *
 * The new ring size is set to *count*, which must be a power of
 * two. Water marking is disabled by default. The real usable ring size
 * is *count-1* instead of *count* to differentiate a free ring from an
 * empty ring.
 *
 * The ring is added in RTE_TAILQ_RING list.
 *
 * @param name
 *   The name of the ring.
 * @param count
 *   The size of the ring (must be a power of 2).
 * @param socket_id
 *   The *socket_id* argument is the socket identifier in case of
 *   NUMA. The value can be *SOCKET_ID_ANY* if there is no NUMA
 *   constraint for the reserved zone.
 * @param flags
 *   An OR of the following:
 *    - RING_F_SP_ENQ: If this flag is set, the default behavior when
 *      using ``rte_ring_enqueue()`` or ``rte_ring_enqueue_bulk()``
 *      is "single-producer". Otherwise, it is "multi-producers".
 *    - RING_F_SC_DEQ: If this flag is set, the default behavior when
 *      using ``rte_ring_dequeue()`` or ``rte_ring_dequeue_bulk()``
 *      is "single-consumer". Otherwise, it is "multi-consumers".
 * @return
 *   On success, the pointer to the new allocated ring. NULL on error with
 *    rte_errno set appropriately. Possible errno values include:
 *    - E_RTE_NO_CONFIG - function could not get pointer to rte_config structure
 *    - E_RTE_SECONDARY - function was called from a secondary process instance
 *    - EINVAL - count provided is not a power of 2
 *    - ENOSPC - the maximum number of memzones has already been allocated
 *    - EEXIST - a memzone with the same name already exists
 *    - ENOMEM - no appropriate memory area found in which to create memzone
 */
struct rte_ring *rte_ring_create(const char *name, unsigned count,
				 int socket_id, unsigned flags);
/**
 * De-allocate all memory used by the ring.
 *
 * @param r
 *   Ring to free
 */
void rte_ring_free(struct rte_ring *r);

/**
 * Dump the status of the ring to a file.
 *
 * @param f
 *   A pointer to a file for output
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 */
void rte_ring_dump(FILE *f, const struct rte_ring *r);

/* the actual enqueue of pointers on the ring.
 * Placed here since identical code needed in both
 * single and multi producer enqueue functions */
#define ENQUEUE_PTRS(r, ring_start, prod_head, obj_table, n, obj_type) do { \
	unsigned int i; \
	const uint32_t size = (r)->size; \
	uint32_t idx = prod_head & (r)->mask; \
	obj_type *ring = (obj_type *)ring_start; \
	if (likely(idx + n < size)) { \
		for (i = 0; i < (n & ((~(unsigned)0x3))); i+=4, idx+=4) { \
			ring[idx] = obj_table[i]; \
			ring[idx+1] = obj_table[i+1]; \
			ring[idx+2] = obj_table[i+2]; \
			ring[idx+3] = obj_table[i+3]; \
		} \
		switch (n & 0x3) { \
		case 3: \
			ring[idx++] = obj_table[i++]; /* fallthrough */ \
		case 2: \
			ring[idx++] = obj_table[i++]; /* fallthrough */ \
		case 1: \
			ring[idx++] = obj_table[i++]; \
		} \
	} else { \
		for (i = 0; idx < size; i++, idx++)\
			ring[idx] = obj_table[i]; \
		for (idx = 0; i < n; i++, idx++) \
			ring[idx] = obj_table[i]; \
	} \
} while (0)

/* the actual copy of pointers on the ring to obj_table.
 * Placed here since identical code needed in both
 * single and multi consumer dequeue functions */
#define DEQUEUE_PTRS(r, ring_start, cons_head, obj_table, n, obj_type) do { \
	unsigned int i; \
	uint32_t idx = cons_head & (r)->mask; \
	const uint32_t size = (r)->size; \
	obj_type *ring = (obj_type *)ring_start; \
	if (likely(idx + n < size)) { \
		for (i = 0; i < (n & (~(unsigned)0x3)); i+=4, idx+=4) {\
			obj_table[i] = ring[idx]; \
			obj_table[i+1] = ring[idx+1]; \
			obj_table[i+2] = ring[idx+2]; \
			obj_table[i+3] = ring[idx+3]; \
		} \
		switch (n & 0x3) { \
		case 3: \
			obj_table[i++] = ring[idx++]; /* fallthrough */ \
		case 2: \
			obj_table[i++] = ring[idx++]; /* fallthrough */ \
		case 1: \
			obj_table[i++] = ring[idx++]; \
		} \
	} else { \
		for (i = 0; idx < size; i++, idx++) \
			obj_table[i] = ring[idx]; \
		for (idx = 0; i < n; i++, idx++) \
			obj_table[i] = ring[idx]; \
	} \
} while (0)

static __rte_always_inline void
update_tail(struct rte_ring_headtail *ht, uint32_t old_val, uint32_t new_val,
		uint32_t single)
{
	/*
	 * If there are other enqueues/dequeues in progress that preceded us,
	 * we need to wait for them to complete
	 */
	if (!single)
		while (unlikely(ht->tail != old_val))
			rte_pause();

	ht->tail = new_val;
}

/**
 * @internal This function updates the producer head for enqueue
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure
 * @param is_sp
 *   Indicates whether multi-producer path is needed or not
 * @param n
 *   The number of elements we will want to enqueue, i.e. how far should the
 *   head be moved
 * @param behavior
 *   RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED:    Enqueue a fixed number of items from a ring
 *   RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE: Enqueue as many items as possible from ring
 * @param old_head
 *   Returns head value as it was before the move, i.e. where enqueue starts
 * @param new_head
 *   Returns the current/new head value i.e. where enqueue finishes
 * @param free_entries
 *   Returns the amount of free space in the ring BEFORE head was moved
 * @return
 *   Actual number of objects enqueued.
 *   If behavior == RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED, this will be 0 or n only.
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
__rte_ring_move_prod_head(struct rte_ring *r, int is_sp,
		unsigned int n, enum rte_ring_queue_behavior behavior,
		uint32_t *old_head, uint32_t *new_head,
		uint32_t *free_entries)
{
	const uint32_t capacity = r->capacity;
	unsigned int max = n;
	int success;

	do {
		/* Reset n to the initial burst count */
		n = max;

		*old_head = r->prod.head;

		/* add rmb barrier to avoid load/load reorder in weak
		 * memory model. It is noop on x86
		 */
		rte_smp_rmb();

		const uint32_t cons_tail = r->cons.tail;
		/*
		 *  The subtraction is done between two unsigned 32bits value
		 * (the result is always modulo 32 bits even if we have
		 * *old_head > cons_tail). So 'free_entries' is always between 0
		 * and capacity (which is < size).
		 */
		*free_entries = (capacity + cons_tail - *old_head);

		/* check that we have enough room in ring */
		if (unlikely(n > *free_entries))
			n = (behavior == RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED) ?
					0 : *free_entries;

		if (n == 0)
			return 0;

		*new_head = *old_head + n;
		if (is_sp)
			r->prod.head = *new_head, success = 1;
		else
			success = rte_atomic32_cmpset(&r->prod.head,
					*old_head, *new_head);
	} while (unlikely(success == 0));
	return n;
}

/**
 * @internal Enqueue several objects on the ring
 *
  * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects).
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to add in the ring from the obj_table.
 * @param behavior
 *   RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED:    Enqueue a fixed number of items from a ring
 *   RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE: Enqueue as many items as possible from ring
 * @param is_sp
 *   Indicates whether to use single producer or multi-producer head update
 * @param free_space
 *   returns the amount of space after the enqueue operation has finished
 * @return
 *   Actual number of objects enqueued.
 *   If behavior == RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED, this will be 0 or n only.
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
__rte_ring_do_enqueue(struct rte_ring *r, void * const *obj_table,
		 unsigned int n, enum rte_ring_queue_behavior behavior,
		 int is_sp, unsigned int *free_space)
{
	uint32_t prod_head, prod_next;
	uint32_t free_entries;

	n = __rte_ring_move_prod_head(r, is_sp, n, behavior,
			&prod_head, &prod_next, &free_entries);
	if (n == 0)
		goto end;

	ENQUEUE_PTRS(r, &r[1], prod_head, obj_table, n, void *);
	rte_smp_wmb();

	update_tail(&r->prod, prod_head, prod_next, is_sp);
end:
	if (free_space != NULL)
		*free_space = free_entries - n;
	return n;
}

/**
 * @internal This function updates the consumer head for dequeue
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure
 * @param is_sc
 *   Indicates whether multi-consumer path is needed or not
 * @param n
 *   The number of elements we will want to enqueue, i.e. how far should the
 *   head be moved
 * @param behavior
 *   RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED:    Dequeue a fixed number of items from a ring
 *   RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE: Dequeue as many items as possible from ring
 * @param old_head
 *   Returns head value as it was before the move, i.e. where dequeue starts
 * @param new_head
 *   Returns the current/new head value i.e. where dequeue finishes
 * @param entries
 *   Returns the number of entries in the ring BEFORE head was moved
 * @return
 *   - Actual number of objects dequeued.
 *     If behavior == RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED, this will be 0 or n only.
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
__rte_ring_move_cons_head(struct rte_ring *r, int is_sc,
		unsigned int n, enum rte_ring_queue_behavior behavior,
		uint32_t *old_head, uint32_t *new_head,
		uint32_t *entries)
{
	unsigned int max = n;
	int success;

	/* move cons.head atomically */
	do {
		/* Restore n as it may change every loop */
		n = max;

		*old_head = r->cons.head;

		/* add rmb barrier to avoid load/load reorder in weak
		 * memory model. It is noop on x86
		 */
		rte_smp_rmb();

		const uint32_t prod_tail = r->prod.tail;
		/* The subtraction is done between two unsigned 32bits value
		 * (the result is always modulo 32 bits even if we have
		 * cons_head > prod_tail). So 'entries' is always between 0
		 * and size(ring)-1. */
		*entries = (prod_tail - *old_head);

		/* Set the actual entries for dequeue */
		if (n > *entries)
			n = (behavior == RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED) ? 0 : *entries;

		if (unlikely(n == 0))
			return 0;

		*new_head = *old_head + n;
		if (is_sc)
			r->cons.head = *new_head, success = 1;
		else
			success = rte_atomic32_cmpset(&r->cons.head, *old_head,
					*new_head);
	} while (unlikely(success == 0));
	return n;
}

/**
 * @internal Dequeue several objects from the ring
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects).
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to pull from the ring.
 * @param behavior
 *   RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED:    Dequeue a fixed number of items from a ring
 *   RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE: Dequeue as many items as possible from ring
 * @param is_sc
 *   Indicates whether to use single consumer or multi-consumer head update
 * @param available
 *   returns the number of remaining ring entries after the dequeue has finished
 * @return
 *   - Actual number of objects dequeued.
 *     If behavior == RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED, this will be 0 or n only.
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
__rte_ring_do_dequeue(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_table,
		 unsigned int n, enum rte_ring_queue_behavior behavior,
		 int is_sc, unsigned int *available)
{
	uint32_t cons_head, cons_next;
	uint32_t entries;

	n = __rte_ring_move_cons_head(r, is_sc, n, behavior,
			&cons_head, &cons_next, &entries);
	if (n == 0)
		goto end;

	DEQUEUE_PTRS(r, &r[1], cons_head, obj_table, n, void *);
	rte_smp_rmb();

	update_tail(&r->cons, cons_head, cons_next, is_sc);

end:
	if (available != NULL)
		*available = entries - n;
	return n;
}

/**
 * Enqueue several objects on the ring (multi-producers safe).
 *
 * This function uses a "compare and set" instruction to move the
 * producer index atomically.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects).
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to add in the ring from the obj_table.
 * @param free_space
 *   if non-NULL, returns the amount of space in the ring after the
 *   enqueue operation has finished.
 * @return
 *   The number of objects enqueued, either 0 or n
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
rte_ring_mp_enqueue_bulk(struct rte_ring *r, void * const *obj_table,
			 unsigned int n, unsigned int *free_space)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_enqueue(r, obj_table, n, RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED,
			__IS_MP, free_space);
}

/**
 * Enqueue several objects on a ring (NOT multi-producers safe).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects).
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to add in the ring from the obj_table.
 * @param free_space
 *   if non-NULL, returns the amount of space in the ring after the
 *   enqueue operation has finished.
 * @return
 *   The number of objects enqueued, either 0 or n
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
rte_ring_sp_enqueue_bulk(struct rte_ring *r, void * const *obj_table,
			 unsigned int n, unsigned int *free_space)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_enqueue(r, obj_table, n, RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED,
			__IS_SP, free_space);
}

/**
 * Enqueue several objects on a ring.
 *
 * This function calls the multi-producer or the single-producer
 * version depending on the default behavior that was specified at
 * ring creation time (see flags).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects).
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to add in the ring from the obj_table.
 * @param free_space
 *   if non-NULL, returns the amount of space in the ring after the
 *   enqueue operation has finished.
 * @return
 *   The number of objects enqueued, either 0 or n
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
rte_ring_enqueue_bulk(struct rte_ring *r, void * const *obj_table,
		      unsigned int n, unsigned int *free_space)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_enqueue(r, obj_table, n, RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED,
			r->prod.single, free_space);
}

/**
 * Enqueue one object on a ring (multi-producers safe).
 *
 * This function uses a "compare and set" instruction to move the
 * producer index atomically.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj
 *   A pointer to the object to be added.
 * @return
 *   - 0: Success; objects enqueued.
 *   - -ENOBUFS: Not enough room in the ring to enqueue; no object is enqueued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline int
rte_ring_mp_enqueue(struct rte_ring *r, void *obj)
{
	return rte_ring_mp_enqueue_bulk(r, &obj, 1, NULL) ? 0 : -ENOBUFS;
}

/**
 * Enqueue one object on a ring (NOT multi-producers safe).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj
 *   A pointer to the object to be added.
 * @return
 *   - 0: Success; objects enqueued.
 *   - -ENOBUFS: Not enough room in the ring to enqueue; no object is enqueued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline int
rte_ring_sp_enqueue(struct rte_ring *r, void *obj)
{
	return rte_ring_sp_enqueue_bulk(r, &obj, 1, NULL) ? 0 : -ENOBUFS;
}

/**
 * Enqueue one object on a ring.
 *
 * This function calls the multi-producer or the single-producer
 * version, depending on the default behaviour that was specified at
 * ring creation time (see flags).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj
 *   A pointer to the object to be added.
 * @return
 *   - 0: Success; objects enqueued.
 *   - -ENOBUFS: Not enough room in the ring to enqueue; no object is enqueued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline int
rte_ring_enqueue(struct rte_ring *r, void *obj)
{
	return rte_ring_enqueue_bulk(r, &obj, 1, NULL) ? 0 : -ENOBUFS;
}

/**
 * Dequeue several objects from a ring (multi-consumers safe).
 *
 * This function uses a "compare and set" instruction to move the
 * consumer index atomically.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects) that will be filled.
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to dequeue from the ring to the obj_table.
 * @param available
 *   If non-NULL, returns the number of remaining ring entries after the
 *   dequeue has finished.
 * @return
 *   The number of objects dequeued, either 0 or n
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
rte_ring_mc_dequeue_bulk(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_table,
		unsigned int n, unsigned int *available)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_dequeue(r, obj_table, n, RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED,
			__IS_MC, available);
}

/**
 * Dequeue several objects from a ring (NOT multi-consumers safe).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects) that will be filled.
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to dequeue from the ring to the obj_table,
 *   must be strictly positive.
 * @param available
 *   If non-NULL, returns the number of remaining ring entries after the
 *   dequeue has finished.
 * @return
 *   The number of objects dequeued, either 0 or n
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
rte_ring_sc_dequeue_bulk(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_table,
		unsigned int n, unsigned int *available)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_dequeue(r, obj_table, n, RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED,
			__IS_SC, available);
}

/**
 * Dequeue several objects from a ring.
 *
 * This function calls the multi-consumers or the single-consumer
 * version, depending on the default behaviour that was specified at
 * ring creation time (see flags).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects) that will be filled.
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to dequeue from the ring to the obj_table.
 * @param available
 *   If non-NULL, returns the number of remaining ring entries after the
 *   dequeue has finished.
 * @return
 *   The number of objects dequeued, either 0 or n
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
rte_ring_dequeue_bulk(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_table, unsigned int n,
		unsigned int *available)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_dequeue(r, obj_table, n, RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED,
				r->cons.single, available);
}

/**
 * Dequeue one object from a ring (multi-consumers safe).
 *
 * This function uses a "compare and set" instruction to move the
 * consumer index atomically.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_p
 *   A pointer to a void * pointer (object) that will be filled.
 * @return
 *   - 0: Success; objects dequeued.
 *   - -ENOENT: Not enough entries in the ring to dequeue; no object is
 *     dequeued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline int
rte_ring_mc_dequeue(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_p)
{
	return rte_ring_mc_dequeue_bulk(r, obj_p, 1, NULL)  ? 0 : -ENOENT;
}

/**
 * Dequeue one object from a ring (NOT multi-consumers safe).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_p
 *   A pointer to a void * pointer (object) that will be filled.
 * @return
 *   - 0: Success; objects dequeued.
 *   - -ENOENT: Not enough entries in the ring to dequeue, no object is
 *     dequeued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline int
rte_ring_sc_dequeue(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_p)
{
	return rte_ring_sc_dequeue_bulk(r, obj_p, 1, NULL) ? 0 : -ENOENT;
}

/**
 * Dequeue one object from a ring.
 *
 * This function calls the multi-consumers or the single-consumer
 * version depending on the default behaviour that was specified at
 * ring creation time (see flags).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_p
 *   A pointer to a void * pointer (object) that will be filled.
 * @return
 *   - 0: Success, objects dequeued.
 *   - -ENOENT: Not enough entries in the ring to dequeue, no object is
 *     dequeued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline int
rte_ring_dequeue(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_p)
{
	return rte_ring_dequeue_bulk(r, obj_p, 1, NULL) ? 0 : -ENOENT;
}

/**
 * Return the number of entries in a ring.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @return
 *   The number of entries in the ring.
 */
static inline unsigned
rte_ring_count(const struct rte_ring *r)
{
	uint32_t prod_tail = r->prod.tail;
	uint32_t cons_tail = r->cons.tail;
	uint32_t count = (prod_tail - cons_tail) & r->mask;
	return (count > r->capacity) ? r->capacity : count;
}

/**
 * Return the number of free entries in a ring.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @return
 *   The number of free entries in the ring.
 */
static inline unsigned
rte_ring_free_count(const struct rte_ring *r)
{
	return r->capacity - rte_ring_count(r);
}

/**
 * Test if a ring is full.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @return
 *   - 1: The ring is full.
 *   - 0: The ring is not full.
 */
static inline int
rte_ring_full(const struct rte_ring *r)
{
	return rte_ring_free_count(r) == 0;
}

/**
 * Test if a ring is empty.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @return
 *   - 1: The ring is empty.
 *   - 0: The ring is not empty.
 */
static inline int
rte_ring_empty(const struct rte_ring *r)
{
	return rte_ring_count(r) == 0;
}

/**
 * Return the size of the ring.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @return
 *   The size of the data store used by the ring.
 *   NOTE: this is not the same as the usable space in the ring. To query that
 *   use ``rte_ring_get_capacity()``.
 */
static inline unsigned int
rte_ring_get_size(const struct rte_ring *r)
{
	return r->size;
}

/**
 * Return the number of elements which can be stored in the ring.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @return
 *   The usable size of the ring.
 */
static inline unsigned int
rte_ring_get_capacity(const struct rte_ring *r)
{
	return r->capacity;
}

/**
 * Dump the status of all rings on the console
 *
 * @param f
 *   A pointer to a file for output
 */
void rte_ring_list_dump(FILE *f);

/**
 * Search a ring from its name
 *
 * @param name
 *   The name of the ring.
 * @return
 *   The pointer to the ring matching the name, or NULL if not found,
 *   with rte_errno set appropriately. Possible rte_errno values include:
 *    - ENOENT - required entry not available to return.
 */
struct rte_ring *rte_ring_lookup(const char *name);

/**
 * Enqueue several objects on the ring (multi-producers safe).
 *
 * This function uses a "compare and set" instruction to move the
 * producer index atomically.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects).
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to add in the ring from the obj_table.
 * @param free_space
 *   if non-NULL, returns the amount of space in the ring after the
 *   enqueue operation has finished.
 * @return
 *   - n: Actual number of objects enqueued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned
rte_ring_mp_enqueue_burst(struct rte_ring *r, void * const *obj_table,
			 unsigned int n, unsigned int *free_space)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_enqueue(r, obj_table, n,
			RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE, __IS_MP, free_space);
}

/**
 * Enqueue several objects on a ring (NOT multi-producers safe).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects).
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to add in the ring from the obj_table.
 * @param free_space
 *   if non-NULL, returns the amount of space in the ring after the
 *   enqueue operation has finished.
 * @return
 *   - n: Actual number of objects enqueued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned
rte_ring_sp_enqueue_burst(struct rte_ring *r, void * const *obj_table,
			 unsigned int n, unsigned int *free_space)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_enqueue(r, obj_table, n,
			RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE, __IS_SP, free_space);
}

/**
 * Enqueue several objects on a ring.
 *
 * This function calls the multi-producer or the single-producer
 * version depending on the default behavior that was specified at
 * ring creation time (see flags).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects).
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to add in the ring from the obj_table.
 * @param free_space
 *   if non-NULL, returns the amount of space in the ring after the
 *   enqueue operation has finished.
 * @return
 *   - n: Actual number of objects enqueued.
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned
rte_ring_enqueue_burst(struct rte_ring *r, void * const *obj_table,
		      unsigned int n, unsigned int *free_space)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_enqueue(r, obj_table, n, RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE,
			r->prod.single, free_space);
}

/**
 * Dequeue several objects from a ring (multi-consumers safe). When the request
 * objects are more than the available objects, only dequeue the actual number
 * of objects
 *
 * This function uses a "compare and set" instruction to move the
 * consumer index atomically.
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects) that will be filled.
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to dequeue from the ring to the obj_table.
 * @param available
 *   If non-NULL, returns the number of remaining ring entries after the
 *   dequeue has finished.
 * @return
 *   - n: Actual number of objects dequeued, 0 if ring is empty
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned
rte_ring_mc_dequeue_burst(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_table,
		unsigned int n, unsigned int *available)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_dequeue(r, obj_table, n,
			RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE, __IS_MC, available);
}

/**
 * Dequeue several objects from a ring (NOT multi-consumers safe).When the
 * request objects are more than the available objects, only dequeue the
 * actual number of objects
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects) that will be filled.
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to dequeue from the ring to the obj_table.
 * @param available
 *   If non-NULL, returns the number of remaining ring entries after the
 *   dequeue has finished.
 * @return
 *   - n: Actual number of objects dequeued, 0 if ring is empty
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned
rte_ring_sc_dequeue_burst(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_table,
		unsigned int n, unsigned int *available)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_dequeue(r, obj_table, n,
			RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE, __IS_SC, available);
}

/**
 * Dequeue multiple objects from a ring up to a maximum number.
 *
 * This function calls the multi-consumers or the single-consumer
 * version, depending on the default behaviour that was specified at
 * ring creation time (see flags).
 *
 * @param r
 *   A pointer to the ring structure.
 * @param obj_table
 *   A pointer to a table of void * pointers (objects) that will be filled.
 * @param n
 *   The number of objects to dequeue from the ring to the obj_table.
 * @param available
 *   If non-NULL, returns the number of remaining ring entries after the
 *   dequeue has finished.
 * @return
 *   - Number of objects dequeued
 */
static __rte_always_inline unsigned
rte_ring_dequeue_burst(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_table,
		unsigned int n, unsigned int *available)
{
	return __rte_ring_do_dequeue(r, obj_table, n,
				RTE_RING_QUEUE_VARIABLE,
				r->cons.single, available);
}

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif /* _RTE_RING_H_ */