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The vhost cuse (cuse: user space character device driver) library implements a
vhost cuse driver. It also creates, manages and destroys vhost devices for
corresponding virtio devices in the guest. Vhost supported vSwitch could register
callbacks to this library, which will be called when a vhost device is activated
or deactivated by guest virtual machine.
Vhost API Overview
* Vhost driver registration
rte_vhost_driver_register registers the vhost cuse driver into the system.
Character device file will be created in the /dev directory.
Character device name is specified as the parameter.
* Vhost session start
rte_vhost_driver_session_start starts the vhost session loop.
Vhost cuse session is an infinite blocking loop.
Put the session in a dedicate DPDK thread.
* Callback register
Vhost supported vSwitch could call rte_vhost_driver_callback_register to
register two callbacks, new_destory and destroy_device.
When virtio device is activated or deactivated by guest virtual machine,
the callback will be called, then vSwitch could put the device onto data
core or remove the device from data core.
* Read/write packets from/to guest virtual machine
rte_vhost_enqueue_burst transmit host packets to guest.
rte_vhost_dequeue_burst receives packets from guest.
* Feature enable/disable
Now one negotiate-able feature in vhost is merge-able.
vSwitch could enable/disable this feature for performance consideration.
When vSwitch registers the vhost driver, it will register a cuse device driver
into the system and creates a character device file. This cuse driver will
receive vhost open/release/IOCTL message from QEMU simulator.
When the open call is received, vhost driver will create a vhost device for the
virtio device in the guest.
When VHOST_SET_MEM_TABLE IOCTL is received, vhost searches the memory region
to find the starting user space virtual address that maps the memory of guest
virtual machine. Through this virtual address and the QEMU pid, vhost could
find the file QEMU uses to map the guest memory. Vhost maps this file into its
address space, in this way vhost could fully access the guest physical memory,
which means vhost could access the shared virtio ring and the guest physical
address specified in the entry of the ring.
The guest virtual machine tells the vhost whether the virtio device is ready
for processing or is de-activated through VHOST_SET_BACKEND message.
The registered callback from vSwitch will be called.
When the release call is released, vhost will destroy the device.
Vhost supported vSwitch reference
For how to support vhost in vSwitch, please refer to vhost example in the
DPDK Sample Applications Guide.