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authorPablo de Lara <pablo.de.lara.guarch@intel.com>2014-12-09 12:02:08 +0000
committerThomas Monjalon <thomas.monjalon@6wind.com>2014-12-17 01:04:07 +0100
commitc75f4e6a7a2b5a7b4136ddd6dcb977eb48aae1f6 (patch)
treeffa58a69bb389e9dbff0c5381a2eb81395663fa2
parente321a5fa80c4bc912c255601445d0a0eeadcd88b (diff)
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doc: add vm power mgmt app
Added new section in sample app UG for the new VM power management app. Signed-off-by: Alan Carew <alan.carew@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Pablo de Lara <pablo.de.lara.guarch@intel.com> Acked-by: Bernard Iremonger <bernard.iremonger@intel.com>
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/rel_notes/rel_description.rst2
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst5
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/sample_app_ug/vm_power_management.rst361
3 files changed, 368 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/doc/guides/rel_notes/rel_description.rst b/doc/guides/rel_notes/rel_description.rst
index 07c897b..d159b3c 100644
--- a/doc/guides/rel_notes/rel_description.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/rel_notes/rel_description.rst
@@ -149,6 +149,8 @@ The following is a list of Intel® DPDK documents in the suggested reading order
* Kernel NIC Interface (KNI)
+ * VM Power Management
+
In addition, there are some other applications that are built when the libraries are created.
The source for these applications is in the DPDK/app directory and are called:
diff --git a/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst
index db88b0d..c3b50e2 100644
--- a/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst
@@ -101,6 +101,7 @@ Copyright © 2012 - 2014, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
internet_proto_ip_pipeline
test_pipeline
dist_app
+ vm_power_management
**Figures**
@@ -152,6 +153,10 @@ Copyright © 2012 - 2014, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
:ref:`Figure 23.Distributor Sample Application Layout <figure_23>`
+:ref:`Figure 24.High level Solution <figure_24>`
+
+:ref:`Figure 25.VM request to scale frequency <figure_25>`
+
**Tables**
:ref:`Table 1.Output Traffic Marking <table_1>`
diff --git a/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/vm_power_management.rst b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/vm_power_management.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..16f44c4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/vm_power_management.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,361 @@
+.. BSD LICENSE
+ Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
+ All rights reserved.
+
+ Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+ are met:
+
+ * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
+ the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+ distribution.
+ * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
+ contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
+ from this software without specific prior written permission.
+
+ THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+ "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+ A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+ OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+ SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+ DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+ THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+ (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+ OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+
+VM Power Management Application
+===============================
+
+Introduction
+------------
+
+Applications running in Virtual Environments have an abstract view of
+the underlying hardware on the Host, in particular applications cannot see
+the binding of virtual to physical hardware.
+When looking at CPU resourcing, the pinning of Virtual CPUs(vCPUs) to
+Host Physical CPUs(pCPUS) is not apparent to an application
+and this pinning may change over time.
+Furthermore, Operating Systems on virtual machines do not have the ability
+to govern their own power policy; the Machine Specific Registers (MSRs)
+for enabling P-State transitions are not exposed to Operating Systems
+running on Virtual Machines(VMs).
+
+The Virtual Machine Power Management solution shows an example of
+how a DPDK application can indicate its processing requirements using VM local
+only information(vCPU/lcore) to a Host based Monitor which is responsible
+for accepting requests for frequency changes for a vCPU, translating the vCPU
+to a pCPU via libvirt and affecting the change in frequency.
+
+The solution is comprised of two high-level components:
+
+#. Example Host Application
+
+ Using a Command Line Interface(CLI) for VM->Host communication channel management
+ allows adding channels to the Monitor, setting and querying the vCPU to pCPU pinning,
+ inspecting and manually changing the frequency for each CPU.
+ The CLI runs on a single lcore while the thread responsible for managing
+ VM requests runs on a second lcore.
+
+ VM requests arriving on a channel for frequency changes are passed
+ to the librte_power ACPI cpufreq sysfs based library.
+ The Host Application relies on both qemu-kvm and libvirt to function.
+
+#. librte_power for Virtual Machines
+
+ Using an alternate implementation for the librte_power API, requests for
+ frequency changes are forwarded to the host monitor rather than
+ the APCI cpufreq sysfs interface used on the host.
+
+ The l3fwd-power application will use this implementation when deployed on a VM
+ (see Chapter 11 "L3 Forwarding with Power Management Application").
+
+.. _figure_24:
+
+**Figure 24. Highlevel Solution**
+
+|vm_power_mgr_highlevel|
+
+Overview
+--------
+
+VM Power Management employs qemu-kvm to provide communications channels
+between the host and VMs in the form of Virtio-Serial which appears as
+a paravirtualized serial device on a VM and can be configured to use
+various backends on the host. For this example each Virtio-Serial endpoint
+on the host is configured as AF_UNIX file socket, supporting poll/select
+and epoll for event notification.
+In this example each channel endpoint on the host is monitored via
+epoll for EPOLLIN events.
+Each channel is specified as qemu-kvm arguments or as libvirt XML for each VM,
+where each VM can have a number of channels up to a maximum of 64 per VM,
+in this example each DPDK lcore on a VM has exclusive access to a channel.
+
+To enable frequency changes from within a VM, a request via the librte_power interface
+is forwarded via Virtio-Serial to the host, each request contains the vCPU
+and power command(scale up/down/min/max).
+The API for host and guest librte_power is consistent across environments,
+with the selection of VM or Host Implementation determined at automatically
+at runtime based on the environment.
+
+Upon receiving a request, the host translates the vCPU to a pCPU via
+the libvirt API before forwarding to the host librte_power.
+
+.. _figure_25:
+
+**Figure 25. VM request to scale frequency**
+
+|vm_power_mgr_vm_request_seq|
+
+Performance Considerations
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+While Haswell Microarchitecture allows for independent power control for each core,
+earlier Microarchtectures do not offer such fine grained control.
+When deployed on pre-Haswell platforms greater care must be taken in selecting
+which cores are assigned to a VM, for instance a core will not scale down
+until its sibling is similarly scaled.
+
+Configuration
+-------------
+
+BIOS
+~~~~
+
+Enhanced Intel SpeedStep® Technology must be enabled in the platform BIOS
+if the power management feature of DPDK is to be used.
+Otherwise, the sys file folder /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq will not exist,
+and the CPU frequency-based power management cannot be used.
+Consult the relevant BIOS documentation to determine how these settings
+can be accessed.
+
+Host Operating System
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The Host OS must also have the *apci_cpufreq* module installed, in some cases
+the *intel_pstate* driver may be the default Power Management environment.
+To enable *acpi_cpufreq* and disable *intel_pstate*, add the following
+to the grub linux command line:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ intel_pstate=disable
+
+Upon rebooting, load the *acpi_cpufreq* module:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ modprobe acpi_cpufreq
+
+Hypervisor Channel Configuration
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Virtio-Serial channels are configured via libvirt XML:
+
+
+.. code-block:: xml
+
+ <name>{vm_name}</name>
+ <controller type='virtio-serial' index='0'>
+ <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x06' function='0x0'/>
+ </controller>
+ <channel type='unix'>
+ <source mode='bind' path='/tmp/powermonitor/{vm_name}.{channel_num}'/>
+ <target type='virtio' name='virtio.serial.port.poweragent.{vm_channel_num}/>
+ <address type='virtio-serial' controller='0' bus='0' port='{N}'/>
+ </channel>
+
+
+Where a single controller of type *virtio-serial* is created and up to 32 channels
+can be associated with a single controller and multiple controllers can be specified.
+The convention is to use the name of the VM in the host path *{vm_name}* and
+to increment *{channel_num}* for each channel, likewise the port value *{N}*
+must be incremented for each channel.
+
+Each channel on the host will appear in *path*, the directory */tmp/powermonitor/*
+must first be created and given qemu permissions
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ mkdir /tmp/powermonitor/
+ chown qemu:qemu /tmp/powermonitor
+
+Note that files and directories within /tmp are generally removed upon
+rebooting the host and the above steps may need to be carried out after each reboot.
+
+The serial device as it appears on a VM is configured with the *target* element attribute *name*
+and must be in the form of *virtio.serial.port.poweragent.{vm_channel_num}*,
+where *vm_channel_num* is typically the lcore channel to be used in DPDK VM applications.
+
+Each channel on a VM will be present at */dev/virtio-ports/virtio.serial.port.poweragent.{vm_channel_num}*
+
+Compiling and Running the Host Application
+------------------------------------------
+
+Compiling
+~~~~~~~~~
+
+#. export RTE_SDK=/path/to/rte_sdk
+#. cd ${RTE_SDK}/examples/vm_power_manager
+#. make
+
+Running
+~~~~~~~
+
+The application does not have any specific command line options other than *EAL*:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ ./build/vm_power_mgr [EAL options]
+
+The application requires exactly two cores to run, one core is dedicated to the CLI,
+while the other is dedicated to the channel endpoint monitor, for example to run
+on cores 0 & 1 on a system with 4 memory channels:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ ./build/vm_power_mgr -c 0x3 -n 4
+
+After successful initialisation the user is presented with VM Power Manager CLI:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ vm_power>
+
+Virtual Machines can now be added to the VM Power Manager:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ vm_power> add_vm {vm_name}
+
+When a {vm_name} is specified with the *add_vm* command a lookup is performed
+with libvirt to ensure that the VM exists, {vm_name} is used as an unique identifier
+to associate channels with a particular VM and for executing operations on a VM within the CLI.
+VMs do not have to be running in order to add them.
+
+A number of commands can be issued via the CLI in relation to VMs:
+
+ Remove a Virtual Machine identified by {vm_name} from the VM Power Manager.
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ rm_vm {vm_name}
+
+ Add communication channels for the specified VM, the virtio channels must be enabled
+ in the VM configuration(qemu/libvirt) and the associated VM must be active.
+ {list} is a comma-separated list of channel numbers to add, using the keyword 'all'
+ will attempt to add all channels for the VM:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ add_channels {vm_name} {list}|all
+
+ Enable or disable the communication channels in {list}(comma-separated)
+ for the specified VM, alternatively list can be replaced with keyword 'all'.
+ Disabled channels will still receive packets on the host, however the commands
+ they specify will be ignored. Set status to 'enabled' to begin processing requests again:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ set_channel_status {vm_name} {list}|all enabled|disabled
+
+ Print to the CLI the information on the specified VM, the information
+ lists the number of vCPUS, the pinning to pCPU(s) as a bit mask, along with
+ any communication channels associated with each VM, along with the status of each channel:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ show_vm {vm_name}
+
+ Set the binding of Virtual CPU on VM with name {vm_name} to the Physical CPU mask:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ set_pcpu_mask {vm_name} {vcpu} {pcpu}
+
+ Set the binding of Virtual CPU on VM to the Physical CPU:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ set_pcpu {vm_name} {vcpu} {pcpu}
+
+Manual control and inspection can also be carried in relation CPU frequency scaling:
+
+ Get the current frequency for each core specified in the mask:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ show_cpu_freq_mask {mask}
+
+ Set the current frequency for the cores specified in {core_mask} by scaling each up/down/min/max:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ set_cpu_freq {core_mask} up|down|min|max
+
+ Get the current frequency for the specified core:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ show_cpu_freq {core_num}
+
+ Set the current frequency for the specified core by scaling up/down/min/max:
+
+ .. code-block:: console
+
+ set_cpu_freq {core_num} up|down|min|max
+
+Compiling and Running the Guest Applications
+--------------------------------------------
+
+For compiling and running l3fwd-power, see Chapter 11 "L3 Forwarding with Power Management Application".
+
+A guest CLI is also provided for validating the setup.
+
+For both l3fwd-power and guest CLI, the channels for the VM must be monitored by the
+host application using the *add_channels* command on the host.
+
+Compiling
+~~~~~~~~~
+
+#. export RTE_SDK=/path/to/rte_sdk
+#. cd ${RTE_SDK}/examples/vm_power_manager/guest_cli
+#. make
+
+Running
+~~~~~~~
+
+The application does not have any specific command line options other than *EAL*:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ ./build/vm_power_mgr [EAL options]
+
+The application for example purposes uses a channel for each lcore enabled,
+for example to run on cores 0,1,2,3 on a system with 4 memory channels:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ ./build/guest_vm_power_mgr -c 0xf -n 4
+
+
+After successful initialisation the user is presented with VM Power Manager Guest CLI:
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ vm_power(guest)>
+
+To change the frequency of a lcore, use the set_cpu_freq command.
+Where {core_num} is the lcore and channel to change frequency by scaling up/down/min/max.
+
+.. code-block:: console
+
+ set_cpu_freq {core_num} up|down|min|max
+
+.. |vm_power_mgr_highlevel| image:: img/vm_power_mgr_highlevel.svg
+
+.. |vm_power_mgr_vm_request_seq| image:: img/vm_power_mgr_vm_request_seq.svg