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authorJiayu Hu <jiayu.hu@intel.com>2017-08-04 17:59:16 +0800
committerThomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>2017-08-06 14:51:26 +0200
commit2c900d09055eb5391a52db46d583c914105f1178 (patch)
treeebddae146da2f1c42dc51b17eacd3d48e961da3c
parent7eaeabf9fe94581d1a9add900f593cb01ed82381 (diff)
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doc: add GRO guide
Add prog_guide doc to explain the design of the GRO library. Signed-off-by: Jiayu Hu <jiayu.hu@intel.com> Acked-by: John McNamara <john.mcnamara@intel.com>
-rw-r--r--MAINTAINERS1
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/prog_guide/generic_receive_offload_lib.rst159
-rw-r--r--doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst1
3 files changed, 161 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 5fd78bf..a0cd75e 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -639,6 +639,7 @@ F: doc/guides/sample_app_ug/ip_reassembly.rst
Generic Receive Offload - EXPERIMENTAL
M: Jiayu Hu <jiayu.hu@intel.com>
F: lib/librte_gro/
+F: doc/guides/prog_guide/generic_receive_offload_lib.rst
Distributor
M: Bruce Richardson <bruce.richardson@intel.com>
diff --git a/doc/guides/prog_guide/generic_receive_offload_lib.rst b/doc/guides/prog_guide/generic_receive_offload_lib.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..22e50ec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/guides/prog_guide/generic_receive_offload_lib.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,159 @@
+.. BSD LICENSE
+ Copyright(c) 2017 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
+ All rights reserved.
+
+ Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+ are met:
+
+ * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
+ the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+ distribution.
+ * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
+ contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
+ from this software without specific prior written permission.
+
+ THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+ "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+ A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+ OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+ SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+ DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+ THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+ (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+ OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+
+Generic Receive Offload Library
+===============================
+
+Generic Receive Offload (GRO) is a widely used SW-based offloading
+technique to reduce per-packet processing overhead. It gains performance
+by reassembling small packets into large ones. To enable more flexibility
+to applications, DPDK implements GRO as a standalone library. Applications
+explicitly use the GRO library to merge small packets into large ones.
+
+The GRO library assumes all input packets have correct checksums. In
+addition, the GRO library doesn't re-calculate checksums for merged
+packets. If input packets are IP fragmented, the GRO library assumes
+they are complete packets (i.e. with L4 headers).
+
+Currently, the GRO library implements TCP/IPv4 packet reassembly.
+
+Reassembly Modes
+----------------
+
+The GRO library provides two reassembly modes: lightweight and
+heavyweight mode. If applications want to merge packets in a simple way,
+they can use the lightweight mode API. If applications want more
+fine-grained controls, they can choose the heavyweight mode API.
+
+Lightweight Mode
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The ``rte_gro_reassemble_burst()`` function is used for reassembly in
+lightweight mode. It tries to merge N input packets at a time, where
+N should be less than or equal to ``RTE_GRO_MAX_BURST_ITEM_NUM``.
+
+In each invocation, ``rte_gro_reassemble_burst()`` allocates temporary
+reassembly tables for the desired GRO types. Note that the reassembly
+table is a table structure used to reassemble packets and different GRO
+types (e.g. TCP/IPv4 GRO and TCP/IPv6 GRO) have different reassembly table
+structures. The ``rte_gro_reassemble_burst()`` function uses the reassembly
+tables to merge the N input packets.
+
+For applications, performing GRO in lightweight mode is simple. They
+just need to invoke ``rte_gro_reassemble_burst()``. Applications can get
+GROed packets as soon as ``rte_gro_reassemble_burst()`` returns.
+
+Heavyweight Mode
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The ``rte_gro_reassemble()`` function is used for reassembly in heavyweight
+mode. Compared with the lightweight mode, performing GRO in heavyweight mode
+is relatively complicated.
+
+Before performing GRO, applications need to create a GRO context object
+by calling ``rte_gro_ctx_create()``. A GRO context object holds the
+reassembly tables of desired GRO types. Note that all update/lookup
+operations on the context object are not thread safe. So if different
+processes or threads want to access the same context object simultaneously,
+some external syncing mechanisms must be used.
+
+Once the GRO context is created, applications can then use the
+``rte_gro_reassemble()`` function to merge packets. In each invocation,
+``rte_gro_reassemble()`` tries to merge input packets with the packets
+in the reassembly tables. If an input packet is an unsupported GRO type,
+or other errors happen (e.g. SYN bit is set), ``rte_gro_reassemble()``
+returns the packet to applications. Otherwise, the input packet is either
+merged or inserted into a reassembly table.
+
+When applications want to get GRO processed packets, they need to use
+``rte_gro_timeout_flush()`` to flush them from the tables manually.
+
+TCP/IPv4 GRO
+------------
+
+TCP/IPv4 GRO supports merging small TCP/IPv4 packets into large ones,
+using a table structure called the TCP/IPv4 reassembly table.
+
+TCP/IPv4 Reassembly Table
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+A TCP/IPv4 reassembly table includes a "key" array and an "item" array.
+The key array keeps the criteria to merge packets and the item array
+keeps the packet information.
+
+Each key in the key array points to an item group, which consists of
+packets which have the same criteria values but can't be merged. A key
+in the key array includes two parts:
+
+* ``criteria``: the criteria to merge packets. If two packets can be
+ merged, they must have the same criteria values.
+
+* ``start_index``: the item array index of the first packet in the item
+ group.
+
+Each element in the item array keeps the information of a packet. An item
+in the item array mainly includes three parts:
+
+* ``firstseg``: the mbuf address of the first segment of the packet.
+
+* ``lastseg``: the mbuf address of the last segment of the packet.
+
+* ``next_pkt_index``: the item array index of the next packet in the same
+ item group. TCP/IPv4 GRO uses ``next_pkt_index`` to chain the packets
+ that have the same criteria value but can't be merged together.
+
+Procedure to Reassemble a Packet
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+To reassemble an incoming packet needs three steps:
+
+#. Check if the packet should be processed. Packets with one of the
+ following properties aren't processed and are returned immediately:
+
+ * FIN, SYN, RST, URG, PSH, ECE or CWR bit is set.
+
+ * L4 payload length is 0.
+
+#. Traverse the key array to find a key which has the same criteria
+ value with the incoming packet. If found, go to the next step.
+ Otherwise, insert a new key and a new item for the packet.
+
+#. Locate the first packet in the item group via ``start_index``. Then
+ traverse all packets in the item group via ``next_pkt_index``. If a
+ packet is found which can be merged with the incoming one, merge them
+ together. If one isn't found, insert the packet into this item group.
+ Note that to merge two packets is to link them together via mbuf's
+ ``next`` field.
+
+When packets are flushed from the reassembly table, TCP/IPv4 GRO updates
+packet header fields for the merged packets. Note that before reassembling
+the packet, TCP/IPv4 GRO doesn't check if the checksums of packets are
+correct. Also, TCP/IPv4 GRO doesn't re-calculate checksums for merged
+packets.
diff --git a/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst b/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
index 13e03db..40f04a1 100644
--- a/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@ Programmer's Guide
packet_distrib_lib
reorder_lib
ip_fragment_reassembly_lib
+ generic_receive_offload_lib
pdump_lib
multi_proc_support
kernel_nic_interface